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At Chicago Newsroom, we like to talk about the week’s local news and about local journalism.

We invite reporters, historians, activists, academicians and newsmakers -and pretty much anyone with an interesting story to tell – sit at the table with us. We think of our show as a conversation about this week’s Chicago.

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CN July 20 2017

Well, Illinois has a budget. But the schools don’t. Chicago Public Schools, for the third year in a row, presented to its principals a budget for their individual schools that’s based on state money that has been promised – sorta – but not truly appropriated. this time it’s $300 million.

The Legislature, as we know, handed the governor a pretty punishing defeat when it passed a budget he didn’t want and then overrode him when he vetoed it. His response? To fire large numbers of his staff, which then triggered secondary resignations from many others.

Our experts this week are WBEZ’s Illinois politics reporter Tony Arnold and Chris Fusco, the Managing Editor of the Sun-Times. Fusco tells us the budget didn’t get resolved because there was there had finally been a meeting of the minds between the governor and House Speaker Mike Madigan.

“It’s the credit agencies that really forced the State’s hand here, right. I think if it was up to Rauner and Madigan they would have just kept battling it out… Rauner wants to make us an anti-union State, or he’s kind of backed off that rhetoric. Now I think we’re going to kind of go back to that with the people he’s brought in, versus Madigan trying to protect labor rights, but also by doing that potentially exacerbating the pension problem. So we have these two guys and the credit agencies stepped in and said, “Hey, we’re going to lower you to junk.”

But as other state functions begin to blink back to life, money for schools is being held up because of, as always, pensions.

“Rauner has recently been saying he would veto part of the bill that would pertain to Chicago public schools,” explains Arnold. “The old amendatory veto, the AV. He does have the power to do that,  although Chicago public school says what he’s talking about would actually be unconstitutional, so it’s setting itself up for a very long prolonged court fight over…benefits in retirement.”

We’ve heard for years that the Illinois Supreme Court won’t allow cuts, or “diminishment” of pension payments because the Constitution forbids it.  But, says Arnold, “As far as contributions to a pension fund from the state government, well they’ve skipped those pension payments for years and that’s been allowed so far.”

So CPS and other agencies are required to make full pension payments, but they, and the Legislature, aren’t required to put the full amount of money in each year.

Nevertheless, the Legislature did accomplish something that’s been unreachable for decades. It refigured the formula for how Illinois schools are funded in away that allows additional money to flow to schools with higher populations of poor students.

“Governor Rauner I think is okay with most of what the formula is,” Arnold explains. “His Education Secretary has said he’s okay with 90% of it, that 10% is too much and that’s what he would veto out. So, for the most part, if the elected officials, the legislature, even though this thing passed with bare minimum in the House, the formula itself, the proposed formula, the new distribution model to give districts in poor property-wealth areas more state money than what they’ve been getting, because they say the whole systems have been inequitable for the last several years, that yes, this is a good way to do it.”

And having the state pick up Chicago’s share of the teachers’ pensions was part of that legislative deal. Until now, Chicago had to pay its own pension contribution, but Chicagoans, through their taxes, also support the pensions of teachers in every other school district in the state. That became more of an urgent issue because the state legislation also mandated that the City of Chicago must make its annual pension payment each year.

“And all of a sudden,” says Fusco, “after kicking the can down the road for years, we’ve got to make $600-million, $700-million payments into that fund to bring it up to the funding level that state law allows.”

So what does this mean at the school level? If there’s a veto and the veto sticks, there will be a massive hole in the CPS budget again this year. But CPS budgets the number anyway and hopes the check arrives.

“This has been the CPS stance now a few years running,” Fusco asserts. “You know we budget for the money. The money is going to be there. Wait, no, the money is not there. Okay, what do we do to get the money? How do we shuffle it? What do we borrow? Oh wait, now the borrowing rate is up to…depending on whether it’s short-term, long-term, anywhere as high as 6%. I think one CPS borrowing deal hit 9%. Just compare that to what you think about what you’re paying on your mortgage or your car loan. It’s just a real crazy time.”

The Governor has apparently decided that, if he’s going to get re-elected, he’ll have to hew more to the right flank of his party and his supporters. That’s why he’s brought in new staffers from the Illinois Policy Institute and other conservative advocacy groups.

“That’s what the Trump era has delivered us, and Rauner I think maybe stealing a page from that playbook, even if some of those people go against some of the values that he espoused in his first campaign,” Fusco tells us.

Arnold adds that Rauner’s staff had been heavily recruited from people who had formerly worked with Republican Senator Mark Kirk. “And Kirk’s whole political philosophy, when he was in the House he represented Chicago’s northern suburbs, which is not a strong Republican stronghold, but he represented that area for years, and in the Senate, was to be a moderate. To be a moderate Republican is how Republicans win statewide in Illinois.”

“When you have such high turnover, up to 20 people have either been fired or resigned in two weeks, that’s a huge turnover, and its policy people,” Fusco explains. “It’s high-ups in his office, people who advise him on policy, the chief of staff for the entire State government, so it’s noteworthy for that reason alone.”

Finally, we ask Managing Editor Chris Fusco about the recent sale of the Sun-Times to a consortium of local investors and union interests.

“I think we’re all happy about it,” he begins. “There have been concerns expressed about union ownership of the newspaper. There’s been concerns expressed about some of the people that are investors in the paper that have been written about by our investigative reporters … And right now the new management specifically CEO Eisendrath have said all the right things I think. The newsroom is going to be left alone…You know this is historically how, there’s always a push and pull. There’s always going to be calls made to publishers and CEOs about stories. There’s always going to be pressure exerted on those folks. And one thing that I think Jim Kirk and I have both kind of relayed up that chain is – be prepared because you’re going to get the calls. They are going to come. We’ve been doing this a long time…Those decisions are left up to Jim Kirk and myself, and I think as long as we are following the playbook that’s kind of been laid out there’s a bright future for the Sun-Times.”

You can read a full transcript of this show HERE: CN transcript July 20 2017

And you can listen to the show in your earbuds at SoundCloud.

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CN July 13 2017

Sustainability.

It’s a key goal for urban planners, and Chicago rightly claims that it is a reasonably sustainable city. With its denser neighborhoods, effective public transportation and policies that support renewable energy, our city claims itself to be a sustainable leader in the United States.

So, as our federal government withdraws from the world’s effort to use cleaner energy and to initiate more climate-friendly practices, hundreds of cities, states and corporations are announcing  that they will continue to adhere to the spirit of the Paris accords despite the Trump administration’s position.

Chicago is one of the key signatories to such an agreement. But what does it mean?

We talk this week with Karen Weigert, who until recently was Mayor Emanuel’s Chief Sustainability Officer. Water use per capitalization in Chicago is down over the last couple of decades. Transit reliability and usage is improving. Open space, such as parkland, has increased somewhat.

And, as Weigert tells us, “Most recently the City has come out and committed that all municipal buildings, including schools, etc., will be powered by renewable energy by 2025. That aligns exactly with the goals of the U.S. and the Paris Agreement in terms of that time horizon, so that is a big leap. Chicago will be the biggest city to have that kind of a commitment, so I think that’s extraordinary.”

But the road to sustainability can be bumpy. Many of the dazzling technologies that empower sustainable policies also rely on automation and autonomous operation, which means fewer jobs. And for a city like Chicago, there’s a rampant need for more, not fewer jobs.

Is the horrific violence we’re experiencing  in Chicago a “sustainable cities” issue? It is if you factor in employment, education and training.

It’s a wide-ranging conversation about the big picture of Chicago’s environmental, and in a larger sense, social, future.

 

You can read a full transcript of the show HERE. CN transcript July 13 2017

 

 

 

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CN June 29 2017 Madeleine Doubek

 

Illinois is beginning its third year without a budget. Developing an annual, balanced budget is the most important thing a chief executive is expected to accomplish. But not, apparently, in Illinois.

I’m pretty not confident,” the BGA’s Madeleine Doubek tells us.. “I think there is no sign of any real interest in truly doing the job of governing versus doing the job of making sure we’re all set up and have our hits ready for the next election. And that truly is (as Fox32’s Mike Flannery said yesterday), immoral and depraved, because we are destroying our state, and the irony to me is that not enough people seem to really be tuned into this and care.”

The list of  State services and operations grinding to a complete halt is too long to list here. But its newest additions now include road construction and the lottery.

And Doubek, who’s just started in her new job as Director of Policy and Community Engagement at the BGA, says we can’t forget the social services that have been crushed for more than two years.  “We’re not helping. We’re not offering counseling for rape victims. We’re not taking care of funding some breast examinations for women. The entire Medicare system is fighting for dollars and cents. We have nearly $15-billion in unpaid bills, which is almost half, it’s about about 40% of what the state typically spends in a year, and those are bills and money owed to people who have already done work for the State of Illinois and provided services, and they are having to wait months to have a chance to be paid,” she laments.

We ask how it is that the Governor continues to fight so strenuously for two of his signature issues – a property tax freeze and revisions to the state’s workers’ compensation laws. It’s especially perplexing since the state doesn’t get any of those property taxes.

Doubek says Rauner’s talking mainly to suburbanites when he talks property taxes, because theirs are often the highest in the state. And revising Worker’s comp is also popular with some supporters.

” One of his other constituencies is the business community,” she explains, “and so I think that he feels like he has to be able to go to them and say, “I got something for you that you have been concerned about and complaining about for years, and it is true that Illinois’s rates are much higher than surrounding states, and so that is… You know at some point, maybe two years ago that was more of a legitimate issue than it is now, right, but now we’re to the point where really, you know. The house is burning.”

And at this point, she says, businesses probably have bigger worries. “Here’s what the Governor ought to be able to go say to the business community, “I got a budget done. Now we know at least for the next year what taxes are going to look like, so maybe you have a little more stability than you’ve had for the past two years. And maybe we can start chipping away at all this debt and get to a point where you feel like you can create a new job or two Mr. Businessman.”

So why is it so impossible to forge a budget? Doubek says she doubts that either Rauner of Speaker Madigan actually wants a budget because it’s politically advantageous for each to blame the other. But she says Rauner made a major miscalculation about the scope of his job right from the beginning.

“I think in the case of Governor Rauner he took it several steps too far by coming right out of his inauguration’s remarks and taking off around the state trashing labor, and trying to take some steps to curb labor power in the State of Illinois that just were never really going to fly. And in the process he destroyed any sort of goodwill or trust that he may have been able to achieve with his Democratic opponents, when he should have known that he was going to need them at some point in order to succeed,” she asserts.

And forging a budget at this point could probably be easier than everyone thinks, if  only there was the determination to do it. “I think if you and I were sitting in the Governor’s office around a table right now trying to hammer out a budget we could probably have it done in a couple of hours with the help of some terrific staff members,” she jokes. “And I think that it could be done in this case, but there simply is not the will and we’re in a situation where Governor Rauner from his perspective is trying to keep every bit of leverage he thinks he has…”

Which brings us to the 2018 election. Doubek says she thinks there’s a chance that Rauner will face some serious primary opposition.

“I’m not quite sure where that’s coming from, somewhere in Downstate or central Illinois perhaps. Maybe somebody in the legislature. There was a hint at one point that one of the state senators from around the Springfield area kind of hinted at that who has got some Union support might try something. And so I think Rauner is aware of that and concerned about it, or at least is being a little bit cautious because of it. I think you have to say that it’s going to be an uphill battle for an incumbent Republican governor however to make the case that he has achieved much when he hasn’t been able to get a budget done in going into a third year.”

Turning to Mayor Emanuel, Doubek says he could be passing up an opportunity to be he mayor who finally initiates significant police reform, and that could be a historic mistake.

“It’s a tremendous opportunity,” she says. “And after the Laquan McDonald video came out I think that he… when you think about the arc of time in history I think he was very much concerned that his job might be in jeopardy at a few points there, and he obviously fired the police superintendent and we have a new one. But you know we’re hearing from a lot of other key players in the City of Chicago that not agreeing to this oversight is not acceptable. And the trust there has been completely shattered and the only way you’re going to get the trust back, the Inspector General Joe Ferguson is saying and Cook County Board President Toni Preckwinkle is saying is to have that federal oversight that you agreed to with the Obama administration. And so if he’s somehow able to get around that and avoid that I think that would be quite an achievement, because I don’t think we’re well on our way to rebuilding the trust between the black communities where all the violence is happening and the Police Department.”

And finally, a word about journalism. Prior to going the BGA, Doubek was a journalist and editor for many years. “My wish would be that all of the people out there who are not happy with the way our politics and government is going would step back for five seconds and think about what it is that makes them understand and appreciate that their governments and our politics are not working, and it’s good fact-based journalism.”

You can listen to this show on SoundCloud here:SoundCloud here:

and you can read a complete transcript of the show HERE:CN transcript June 29 2017

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CN June 22 2017 (Bill Ruthhart)

 

Police reform in Chicago appears to have stalled, or at least taken a very different path since the election of Donald Trump and the appointment of Jeff Sessions as Attorney General.

Mayor Emanuel, who once swore he wanted a full consent decree with the federal government, would have committed the City to implementing dozens of reforms outlined in a federal report outlining  deep, systemic problems with the CPD.  But with the switch in Washington, the Department of Justice was no longer interested in getting involved with the operations of big-city police departments. So Mayor Emanuel has said that he will instead sign a memorandum of agreement with the DOJ. The memo, he insists, will commit the city to a full slate of reforms, but critics are skeptical.

With Chicago police reform efforts appearing to be slowing or perhaps morphing into something altogether different, it was time to call on the Tribune’s Bill Ruthhart. He’s been covering the scramble for changes to police recruitment, training, deployment and discipline for a long time, and it’s been a significant story in 2017.

Ruthhart tells us that there’s even controversy about how, or whether, the Mayor filed his memo of agreement with Justice.

“It’s an agreement between the Justice Department and the City.” he explains. “And so we’ve asked the Mayor numerous times who initiated this. He’s walked away from the podium and not answered the question. His administration likes to say ‘well this wasn’t our idea,’ but it’s not clear whether the Emanuel administration wanted to stick to the consent decree and the Justice Department said, “No, we’re not doing a consent decree, let’s do this instead.” It sounds like perhaps the City Hall drew up this draft of this agreement and shoveled it over to the Justice Department. The Mayor’s office says they have an agreement in principle to do this Memorandum of Agreement. The Justice Department says there is no agreement.”

Is it possible, as some skeptics have argued, that Mayor Emanuel only agreed to enter into a reform process with the DOJ because he knew that the Trump Administration would reject the offer, thereby letting the mayor off the hook?

“I certainly would not try to get inside the mind of Rahm Emanuel,” Ruthhart says, “But, I did point out that he knew who had been elected President. He knew the position of Trump and Sessions on consent decrees, and they’ve since signaled they have no interest in having court oversight of consent decrees. I’m not even sure they have interest of a Memorandum of Agreement over police departments. You know they have very much taken the position that the police should be given full leeway to do their jobs and Trump was heavily endorsed by FOP, including the Chicago FOP, and so you have very different politics there.”

So what should happen? If the feds are no longer a reliable partner, where do police reform advocates turn? “Lots of experts say you can partner with the ACLU or community organizations and enter court voluntarily,” he tells us. “The prospect of a lawsuit also has been hanging out there and  there’s one been filed…Emanuel’s administration could find a partner to go into court voluntarily. Some have suggested that could be Lisa Madigan’s office. Some have suggested it could be the ACLU. It could be some other unknown group that had standing and concern about police reforms, so there’s a lot of different routes to get there.”

There’s been concern among reform advocates that the police union, the FOP, could be a major impediment, given that union’s endorsement of President Trump and its overwhelming vote of confidence in the recent police union election. But Ruthhart says, it’s complicated.

“I don’t know that the Union has a lot of say in police reform at the end of the day if it ends up in court,” Ruthhart continues. “I mean you have a Justice Department investigation that came to some pretty damning conclusions. You know the Mayor signed that agreement after that investigation saying yes, these are all problems that need to be addressed and I believe a federal court should oversee them, right. FOP is not really a party to that…I mean the contract is subject to negotiations, right, and if there’s one thing Rahm Emanuel probably is pretty savvy at it’s negotiating. I’ll give him that for sure. And so I think there’s other things the police besides their 24-hour waiting period to stay intact. There’s certain things that perhaps they might be willing to give if they get better benefits or more pay or other things that cops want.”

Despite the cynicism, Ruthhart says there’s strong impetus driving reforms forward, and that this could still be a solid opportunity for change at CPD.

“The public sentiment and Lisa Madigan and Chuy Garcia and Toni Preckwinkle and many other members of the progressive caucus and City Council, you know, all believe that there’s been so many different reports and efforts at reform in Chicago over the years and none of it has ever really happened. And they all firmly believe that if we are really going to do it this time you’ve got to have somebody who is not a politician overseeing the process. And they are not doubting Emanuel’s dedication toward reform. I think people generally, at least those people I listed said we are not questioning his commitment, it’s just a matter of this should be removed from the political process. Budget considerations and things like that shouldn’t color what the actual reforms are and how they get done…So you know, I think this perhaps has become a bigger issue for him to deal with than perhaps he initially estimated.”

Listen to the show on your phone with SoundCloud:  CN transcript June 22 2017 Bill Ruthhart

Read the entire transcript of the show HERE:

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CN June 22 2017 (Claudia Morell)

It’s a pretty familiar sight. The Mayor, and perhaps an alderman or two, standing at a podium in front of a vacant lot or a dilapidated warehouse building, announcing that, thanks to a property tax credit, this construction project will hire X-number of Chicagoans, or maybe retain hundred or so jobs in the city.

Claudia Morell has seen dozens of these project announcements as she covers City Hall for the Daily Line. And she wondered how many of them there were. And how much they were costing Cook County taxpayers. And how many jobs really were created or retained. She still doesn’t have all the answers, but a big picture is emerging.

“Since May 2015 among the 60 applications total tax savings is about $92-million, Morell explains.  And the tax breaks, once approved, last for many years. “For example most industrial properties the set rate is 25%, but if a developer applies for a Class 6B tax break which is made to incentivize people to buy old dilapidated industrial warehouse property in Chicago which there is still a lot of, and if they are approved for the break they get a 10% tax rate for the first ten years, and then it is increased to 15 the following year and then to 20 the year after.

But with so many developers getting the tax beak, and the program running for years at a time, who’s monitoring the program to be sure those promised jobs materialize and remain in Chicago? “Aldermen have been asking what is the process the Department of Planning and Development  uses to make sure that developers are fulfilling their promise in terms of job growth, and if they are actually putting the money towards rehabilitating these projects,” Morell says.

Monitoring the program is critical, Morell explains, because it extracts $92 million from the total Cook County property tax base, and every other county resident has to make up the difference in our own property tax bill.

And, at this point in time, there’s no real way to know how many jobs have been created or retained. When Morell adds up all the promised jobs and divides it by the $92 million she arrives at an estimated cost.

“Yes, $8,500 per promised job,” she declares.

But there’s a catch. How long must those jobs last? And should the jobs of construction workers who work for a few months in the initial phase be considered as new jobs?

“That includes retained temporary construction and permanent jobs , but when you just do new permanent jobs and construction that goes up to like $10,000 a job. And then if you do just permanent jobs,  it’s like $23,000.”

You can read all of Claudia Morell’s City Hall and County reports and hear her weekly podcast by joining the Daily Line.

You can pretend it’s radio and listen in your earbuds at SoundCloud.

And you can read the transcript HERE:CN Transcript June 22 2017 Claudia Morell

 

 

 

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CN June 15 2017

We’re just a couple of weeks away from the dreaded “second installment” of Cook County property taxes, which will be due, most likely, on August 1.

But if you’re a property owner, have you ever scanned that bill and wondered, how did they arrive at this number? Why am I being told to pay this, compared to my neighbors or people with identical properties in other parts of the county?

Well, as Jason Grotto and his colleagues pointed out so vividly in this week’s Tribune series An Unfair Burden, the system just might be as messed up as you always suspected.

The series required more than a year of reporting, and the analysis of more than a million tax documents from 2009 to the present.

Their principal conclusion? People with resources are paying a lower tax rate than people without resources.  The situation is so stark that they found people in $75,000 houses paying  almost double the tax rates people with million-dollar houses were paying a few miles away.

It all has to do with algorithms, outdated computer systems, tradition and politics, all of which comes together in the Assessor’s office.

“We always had a notion that this was going on and just no one has ever been able to get underneath it,”Grotto explains. “You know, the fact of the matter is the reason why we’re able to do it is because of modern technology. We’re able now with a personal computer or laptop to analyze 100-million property tax records. We’re able to load them into mapping software. We’re able to run statistics on them, and so it really is this is an office that has functioned for decades with very little oversight, very little attention because it’s so opaque and convoluted, and it’s only because of modern technology that we’ve been able to do what we did.”

It’s a dramatic series in the Tribune, and an enlightening discussion on Chicago Newsroom. We hope you’ll watch.

Or listen here on SoundCloud.

Or read the transcript of the entire show HERE: CN transcript June 15 2017

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CN June 8 2017

 

The youTube video is above, and the SoundCloud audio-only link is below.

In the first half of this two-part show, NBC5’s Mary Ann Ahern joins us to talk Pritzker, Blago, Rauner, Emanuel, journalism and Medicaid.

And later, we’re joined by Phillip Montoro of the Reader and David Roeder with the  Chicago News Guild to talk about the situation with the Sun Times and Reader.

The spring primary to decide the Democratic candidate for Governor of Illinois seems already to have concluded. At least that’s what the party leaders would have us believe. The formal endorsement of Pritzker this week by the leadership of the AFL-CIO seemed to fortify the idea that the billionaire was unstoppable. But just a few days ago he seemed vulnerable.

He had weathered a story in the Sun-Times about how he had managed to dramatically lower his property taxes, and then the Tribune hit hard with recordings of the candidate on the phone with Rod Blagojevich.

“And as I hear it,” Ahern begins, “Everyone is wondering where did they get the tapes, and who knows if this is absolutely correct, but that the Tribune was sort of aha, why didn’t we know about that property tax? So they start digging and their reporter who had written one of the books on Blago – ‘Aha, you know I think I recall.’ And so they find these tapes and yes, the tapes are damaging because everyone in the world at this point, this conversation one of them was literally a week before the former Governor is arrested, if you didn’t know that he was under investigation you had to be under a rock at that point. I mean we all knew for about two years.”

On the tapes, Blagojevitch and Pritzker discuss the governor’s possible appointment of Pritzker to Obama’s Senate seat or to the State Treasurer job. “And then asking a couple of times about this… that’s what folks do, they definitely ask, but there was this implied how much money are you going to give me for it kind of deal.”

“So, now, a week later, five days later, the AFL-CIO – whoa, we’re going to endorse Pritzker,” she continues. “Well, it changes the subject certainly. It’s way too early, way too early. What, we’re ten months or nine months away from a primary race. The old adage of Labor Day. Boy that’s blown out of the water.”

But, as Ahern points out, “Let’s also remember that the AFL-CIO endorsed Dan Hines in the U.S. Senate race against Barack Obama.” That Senator Hines thing never came to pass.

There are all kinds of theories about why party leaders have been so anxious to lock in their billionaire friend, and Ahern has one of her own. “The Union might not have to give much money to the Governor’s race, but instead focus on some races further down,” she explains. “Some heated House and Senate races, that they have lost a couple of them to Rauner, so if Pritzker doesn’t really need their money that much, maybe he needs the feet on election day, that kind of thing, that this allows them to spend their money on those races further down the ladder.

But that doesn’t solve the enthusiasm problem. “And, you know, we certainly have seen the Bernie Sanders folks of the party, the progressive Democrats, are they going to embrace J. B. Pritzker when Pritzker was such a Hillary supporter as well?”

Many Chicago Democrats assume that Bruce Rauner is vulnerable, but Ahern says he’s still very popular downstate in some the collar counties. “This week he was along Hegewisch, the Indiana Illinois border, speaking with some businessmen who would say thanks a lot, everybody is going to Whiting. We’ve got businesses up and down this street that are closing down. You’ve got way too many regulations, too many taxes.  So you know, there are certainly folks who support Rauner and say they like that outsider. They like his message of what he has to say, and for all those folks who think the polls say he doesn’t have a chance, forget it. I don’t think I’ll ever believe another poll again.”

Ahern says a big story that’s still developing is the push by Medicare recipients to have their unpaid bills moved to the front of the Illinois payment line.

“Suzanna Mendoza, the comptroller is saying ‘you know what, I can’t prioritize these payments.’ Medicaid and the providers, the healthcare providers are saying you guys are way behind. Pretty soon here the doctors are going to say no to Medicaid patients because they haven’t been paid in so long. And so they’ve gone to court and asked her to make a ruling and say, ‘Put the Medicaid people at the top of the line.’ And she said, “Well, keep negotiating for two weeks. Let’s see if we can get this. I agree. We have a consent decree and you guys are supposed to get paid. I’m not putting you at the top of the line yet, but work on this. The State and the Medicaid providers, if you can’t come to a solution come see me in two weeks.” If that happens someone else doesn’t get paid. Pensions or schools.”

So the State of Illinois, billions and billions behind in paying its bills, may shortly have to send schools, pensions and human services even further down the list.

“Maybe Judge Lefko could call the Four Tops and the Governor in,” Ahern muses.    “And say, “Guys, we need a deal.”

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Screenshot 2017-06-08 20.19.59

In segment 2, we examine the possible sale of the Sun-Times and the Reader to tronc, the company that owns the Tribune and dozens of other smaller publications.

Wrapports, the company that owns the S-T and Reader, was originally founded by Michael Ferro, who now manages tronc. Are you following this? When Ferro gained controlling interest in the company that owns the Tribune, he renamed that company tronc, and removed himself from Wrapports. So if he gains control of the S-T/Reader, it’ll be the second time. And the entity Wrapports has to satisfy is the Justice Department, which could find that the sale violates anti-trust law.

The question remaining is whether Wrapports searched far enough to find a buyer before offering itself to tronc.

Phiip Montoro, who doubles as the Reader’s Music Editor and union representative, thinks not. “Clearly they didn’t beat the bushes as thoroughly as they could have because we’ve managed to find some bidders in a very short timeframe,” he claims.

“However, we do believe that the Wrapports board would like to keep the Sun-Times and the Reader around,” adds David Roeder, who represents the Chicago News Guild. “I think an element of the board would like to keep the publications independent of the Tribune, but they do want out, and so that’s where we are. They have accepted a so-called non-binding letter of intent from Tronc while asking for other bids in a process that is being overseen by the Justice Department.”

So where are we?

“There’s a bid that has been made by Edwin Eisendrath who is a former Chicago alderman. He ran for Governor about ten or 11 years ago, and he has been working very hard to put together money from other sources,” explains Roeder.

There might be at least one other potential bidder, Neil Bluhm, a major Chicago developer. Others have reported that he missed the deadline for filing and won’t be considered. Roeder says it’s still possible that Justice could hold the door open for him a little longer. “The deadlines are not hard and fast,” Roeder claims.

Both men are at a disadvantage because Wrapports has no requirement to share its propriety information, such as finances, with them. “And we understand that,” says Roeder. “But in some ways I guess we are allies and we would like to see the jobs preserved and the titles preserved.”

So often these difficult bargaining sessions set co-workers against one another. Jake Malooley, the Reader’s Editor, is considered management, so he has sometimes sat across the table from Montoro. “But I bring this up only to say that he has expressed to us support for the no news monopoly campaign,” Montoro explains. That is, he thinks it is a good idea to do whatever we can to stay the Justice Department’s hand and to let other bidders enter this process. I mean we’ve had experience with Michael Ferro when he was at Wrapports. It was not a salutary experience.”

And there are questions about how committed tronc would be to keeping the Reader alive, according to Montoro. “They wouldn’t be required to in order to avoid anti-trust sanctions, because I guess there are other papers in the City that would count as alternative weeklies…We don’t print with the Tribune company. They don’t have the source of revenue from us the way they do with the Sun-Times, and they just turned the Redeye into a weekly.”

“I think if you look at the history of newspaper mergers these just don’t work over the long-term for the weaker newspaper,” Adds Roeder. “The advertising staffs get absorbed and they always have the incentive to sell to the bigger audience, the bigger product.”

“That’s already happened within Wrapports with respect to the Reader and the Sun-Times,” Montoro continues. “There have been consolidations of business functions that have ended up hurting the Reader, that is we don’t have a dedicated circulation manager anymore. We don’t have a sales manager. We don’t have our own publisher, so there’s really nobody specifically looking after the health of the business at the Reader anymore…I think I can fairly state for the Sun-Times staff that is their fear and certainly for the Reader staff as well. We just don’t feel that Tronc has any incentive to keep things going. Once they operate things for a while, maybe a year and a half, two years, and then they can say to the Justice Department, “Ah see, it failed. We gave it our best shot.”

We talk briefly about the possibility that an investor could buy only the Reader and re-invest in it. It would be expensive, Montoro maintains, because the new owner would have to restore the circulation and sales people. But the Reader’s got some assets, such as the Straight Dope column and web site, which is very heavily trafficked. More well trafficked than most people realize, he maintains.

So where does this all lead?

“The bids will be evaluated by the company and by the Justice Department. Probably around the middle of the month they will decide okay, this looks the best,” explains Roeder. The union will have no say in the decision.

If you’re interested in more info, or getting involved in the issue, the guild is maintaining a site at No News Monopoly.

And Phillip Montoro, whose watched the steady disinvestment in the Reader, has the last word. “It’s long been our contention that having learned how to do more with less, that if we actually got any more we could really thrive.”

You can read a full transcript of this show here: CN transcript June 8 2017

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CN June 1 2017

 

Here’s what Natasha Korecki said in this morning’s Illinois Playbook:

This is a day you’ll want to buy hard copies of the Sun-Times and the Tribune, sit down with a large cup of coffee, and read. There’s that much news; not just hard news, but impactful investigative pieces that warrant your attention, involving the Chicago Police Department, the Democratic primary race for governor, the future of the Dept. of Children and Family Services and the future of Illinois.

So this was a good day to have Sun-Times columnist Mark Brown and Tribune City Hall correspondent Hal Dardick at our table.

J.B. Pritzker, who’s been the favorite candidate for governor among most Democratic politicos, may have suffered some damage after yesterday’s Tribune story about his contact with disgraced Gov. Rob Blagojevich.  “I think it puts him at great risk,” says Dardick of his own paper’s revelations.

“Back during the Blagojevich investigation J. B. Pritzker had been recorded on tape talking to Blago,” Brown explains.  “He started off talking about the senate seat seemingly, and then Pritzker said, “Hey, could you make me state treasurer?” in essence. And oh Blago liked that idea, because he was trying to milk people at that time for somebody to give him some sort of parachute to get out of office, or at least to get him some big campaign contributions. Pritzker didn’t seem to play ball. I don’t know that he did anything wrong, but you know if you’re running for Governor of Illinois right now you don’t want to be, as a Democrat, you don’t want to have people spreading around tape recordings of you seemingly conspiring with Blago.”

“These were federal wiretaps that we obtained at the Tribune,” Dardick tells us. “I think what’s most interesting about these, and you can listen to them online too if you want – we have a transcript of some of it, but what I think is most interesting is that by this point you have J. B. Pritzker who has to know that Blagojevich’s administration is under investigation by the Feds. There’s already been someone indicted in the administration. There’s been a lot of talk about the campaign contributions and whether they were right or wrong during his tenure. Of course, some of that stuff brought him down, and he continues to talk to him about who would you appoint to the senate seat? He says things like, well if you appoint President Obama’s aide Valerie Jarrett the reason that that’s good Pritzker says is because then you might get an appointment.”

“He says you ought to get an appointment for that, you know,” Brown adds.

Dardick continues, “and the thing that I guess really struck me was that at one point he is asking Pritzker, “Well I need money by the way for my campaign. Can you help me out?” And Pritzker goes, “I don’t know if now would be a good time to do that.” Then he says, “Well you have people that could could contribute money don’t you?” and Pritzker says, “Well I hear you.” He didn’t say, “Rod, I just can’t do that. That wouldn’t be appropriate,” so it raises a lot of questions.”

So is this an opening for Chris Kennedy to leap-frog over Pritzker?

Dardick says Kennedy’s taken some positions that will anger the most powerful Dems in Illinois. “The interesting thing about Kennedy is he might have been able to step in at this point and say, “You know I should be the party candidate,” but he’s already come out earlier this week and criticized a number of people in the party and proposed things that would upset Michael Madigan and Joe Berrios that would affect their income directly. He’s portrayed himself as, even though he’s a Kennedy, as the outsider and the guy is going to take up and straighten out the Democratic party. So I don’t think he can step in and be the anointed one.”

“What Kennedy has done that’s different,” Dardick explains, “is he’s said that folks who are in public positions shouldn’t be able to do property tax appeals business, which would of course be what Madigan does and what Ed Burke does on the City Council. So he’s taking a shot at the honchoes of the Democratic party, and that no other candidate has done.”

And, according to Brown, it’s not too late for Pritzker to recover his public image, because he’s done good things with his wealth. “The things he hits in his commercials to my knowledge are by and large true. You know he put his money, he’s used his money well. In the early childhood education field he is by far the guy who is out there the most. He’s way ahead of…you know, he basically funds the Rauners on that kind of thing believe it or not, and all over this country, so he’s considered to be a very substantive guy in that field.”

“And,” Dardick interjects, “the tech startups.”

” 1871 I would say it’s probably the pride and joy of Chicago right now,” adds Brown, “and 1871 is J. B. Pritzker’s vision, and knowing where to put his money. So the guy has got some good things to talk about here, so why doesn’t he be smart about stepping up and dealing with these problems? And honestly, I think he’s getting really bad advice from his people.”

So, it’s time for the obvious question. Can Pritzker, or any other Democrat, beat Bruce Rauner?

“Well, I think it’s clear almost any of them would have a shot at Rauner,” Brown asserts. “They would have to overcome his money and his ability to stay on message and run a very focused campaign that just kind of zeroes in on the anger of people towards politicians. Unfortunately for him at this point it’s pretty clear that a lot of that anger is directed at him. People don’t think he’s got anything to show. I certainly don’t. So he’s beatable, but it’s going to be tough for anybody.”

As the Legislative session ended yesterday, without a budget, it could be noted that a budget did pass. But only in the Senate. And it includes a tax increase, so now Bruce Rauner’s got something on the record he can hang around the Democrats’ necks.

“And so the Democrats in the House, you know, didn’t want to volunteer for that duty, and I kind of wish they would have and we would have had a clear okay, this is how we think we should do it,” Brown laments.

Ironically, both guests report, there are Republicans who are willing to negotiate with Democrats and might support certain tax increases, but the Governor keeps is Republicans in line.

“The bottom line is they know he’s not going to let them get out there,” Brown asserts. “I mean, there definitely are Republicans who would vote for a tax increase who believe they are going in the wrong direction, but they don’t want to get thrown out of office either.”

“It all goes back to the money that he’s got to throw around,” adds Dardick.

The Legislature also passed a bill that changes Chicago’s CPS Board to an elected body. But that body has 20 members, each from selected districts. “The version that passed the Senate late last night has 15 people, still a lot,” Dardick tells us. “The problem is those bills would have to be reconciled at some point, so that’s not a bill that can go to the Governor yet. And will it go to the Governor or are they just playing to their audiences in the byzantine ways of Springfield? I don’t know. It’s very uncertain at this point. I can’t imagine Cullerton let that get out of the Senate and would he do that if he thought it was really going somewhere considering his relationship with Rahm Emanuel? Just to say I’m skeptical.”

And Brown, who’s seen this movie before, isn’t impressed. “So that’s an old game that gets played where everybody can say they voted for it, but it still doesn’t happen.”

The Legislature also passed what could be a very important bill that re-figures the way schools are funded by the State. Could this become law in Illinois after years of debate on the inequity between schools in poor communities versus the wealthy?

“I would say that Senator Andy Manar who has worked on this is one of the bright lights in Springfield,”Brown points out. “A sharp thinker, worked really hard at it from a standpoint of trying to meet the needs of both down-state rural districts like his and the City of Chicago. So if they’ve come to an agreement, you know, it may not be a perfect agreement, but you know, I’ve got to believe that it’s a reasonable political compromise. Now, I know the Governor is making noises about it does too much for Chicago. I have not been able to analyze that in detail to figure out whether we really are pushing one over, but I’ve got to believe it must be pretty close to what would be good for… It’s just good public policy, that there really are people looking at it from that point of view. It’s not going to make the suburbs happy though.”

“As I understand it, at this point everybody is still trying to sort it out because it was such a last minute thing,” Dardick interjects. “I asked Claypool about this the other day. I said, “What would satisfy you?” He says, “If we got $500-million more we would be a parity with the rest of the State by their calculations.” We’ll have to see what those numbers actually are. The caveat is again is if the Republicans didn’t put any votes on this it’s probably DOA with the Governor.”

Up in Jefferson Park a heated battle is being fought over a proposed 100-unit apartment building very close to the CTA transit center. What’s most controversial is that 80% of the apartment would be set aside for low income people, including seniors, veterans and the disabled – along with some people using CHA-issued vouchers. Brown has written on it several times, and has heard from both sides.

“There are tempers and there are people from all over the northwest side who have gotten involved in this on the anti-side, including Alderman Napolitano of the neighboring ward, 41st Ward, and there are people from all over the City that have gotten involved on the side of the pro-forces who are accusing the anti-forces of being racist.” Brown tells us. “And in my opinion there certainly is a racial element that has crept into this, although people argue it’s a matter of density, and a lot of people would argue that affordable housing, they see the problem of affordable housing as not as racial, but economics or what’s going to happen. It’s all the old fights, and it just kind of roared up out of nowhere to me. Now actually, somebody tried to build this building in another ward and it had gotten shut down, which is why everybody was geared up when they went into Arena’s ward.”

Why, we ask, would a lone Alderman want to take on such a divisive fight in his own Ward, setting his constituents into such a toxic battle?  “Well, John Arena is one of the leaders of the progressive reform caucus and I think he does see this as the right thing to do,” Dardick explains. “And I think he’s a smart alderman and knows what he’s doing, but …John can…he’s got a little bit of a temper that shows up sometimes and he’s very certain about himself, and so he hasn’t done what some politicians would do to assuage the opponents, you know, compromise and say ‘this is right, I’m going to do it.’ So I think that’s gotten him into a little trouble.”

And he’s drawn the Mayor into the battle, too. Emanuel criticized Arena, saying he didn’t do proper community process, and now the Mayor is being criticized by the building’s supporters, implying that he’s fostering stereotypes about the community. This story will be with us for a while.

Inspector General Joe Ferguson opened a large can of worms this week when he reported that  a lot of contracts with City workers are expiring in a few weeks. They were negotiated as ten-year deals by Mayor Daley to assure the there wouldn’t be any labor disputes during the Chicago 2016 Olympics. Remember the Olympics?

“So all these contracts,” Dardick explains, “44 of them, either came due last June or are coming due all but one this June and then one in December, 44 contracts representing more than 90% of a workforce of 32,000-plus people.”

So that’s a lot of negotiating the City has do do. And coincidentally, police and fire contracts are a part of this. “But it’s interesting,’ Dardick adds, “Because those contracts you are referring to, which are most of these 44 contracts that Daley approved in ’07 and last through June of this year had really nice raises, at a time when maybe he thought the City could afford it. It was at the end of the boom, before the housing bubble burst and everything came crashing down, and since that time the consumer price index has increased 11-point – something percent the cost of living, and the salary increases they got came in at about 27 or 28% over that ten years, so they did very well.

So, Dardick says, Joe Ferguson sees this as a great time for the City to negotiate ways to save some serious money.

“Maybe instead of paying prevailing wages to all the workers,” he explains, “In other words what people get paid in the open market, maybe they don’t need that because they have secure 40-hour a week 52 weeks a year employment whereas people in the private sector can’t be assured of that. But he takes on all of these sort of sacred cows of the union…You’re going to see a lot of this talk and it could save the City tens of millions of dollars, if not more, if they did take on some of these sort of cherished perks.”

But prevailing wage seems pretty safe. As Brown says, “The Democrats are trying to fight that one with Rauner.”

The concerns over wages and work rules seem almost insignificant, though, when compared with reforms in the police contract. As Dardick explains: “Efforts are made to reform the department to give the public confidence that misconduct allegations are thoroughly investigated, and that when wrongdoing is found that people are actually appropriately disciplined. The Justice Department, the Mayor’s Task Force all talked about how these rules sort of give police 24 hours, which some people allege give police time to collude and get their stories straight, and there’s a whole bunch of other things that they think impedes the proper investigation of these things and reduces confidence in the Police Department. And I think it’s something that the Mayor politically if he wants to run again has to address.”

And none of this takes into account the fact that the police force just elected a new leader who’s far less willing to compromise, says Brown.

“So, one of the problems is that at some point the previous FOP Union President had said well if you want any of that you’re going to buy it. In other words, you’re going to have to give us more money. I think the current FOP President is of the opinion that you’ve got to give them the money and those rules or you can’t touch them. [Laughs] So there could be some issues there.”

You can read a full transcript of the show here:CN transcript June 1 2017

And if you can find the time, get outside on a beautiful June day and take the show with you as an audio download at SoundCloud right here.

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CN May 25 2017

What will a tronc-absorbed Sun-Times and Reader look like? Does anybody believe the claims that tronc will allow both to operate their own newsrooms independently?

With Sun-Times circulation dropping below 130,000 per day, there are more people watching the ten-o’clock news just on Channel 7.  So has our Number Two Newspaper slipped into irrelevancy?

Two seasoned media observers, both experienced creators of content on multiple platforms, join us today.

Both Thom Clark and Scott Smith fear that the web sites for the Sun-Times and Tribune aren’t where they need to be, and with huge numbers of people using the digital, rather than printed, versions of their products, that’s a problem.

“I mean the Sun-Times really has a website that almost dares you to read it,” Smith says. Both Clark and Smith say that there’s not enough original, local content on the sites to make them competitively valuable to digital consumers. “Then you start to say well I don’t know how much value visiting this website has,” Smith explains. “And the bigger more important thing is it’s really hard to drive a digital subscriber then. Because a person who is a digital subscriber is only going to fork over money for original content that’s of high use and high value to them that actually matters to them.”

Newspaper organizations, even big ones – are facing difficult times in their digital spaces, our guests say, because there’s so much competition for digital subscribers.  So the papers are “trying to squeeze as many digital display advertising dollars out of their readers as possible, even when everything that we see says that that business is declining, and not just the CPMs, not just the money you get for running those ads, but just the interest that readers have in that and the value they see in ads is also in decline,” says Smith.

We talk in some detail about the fate of the Chicago Reader.

“I think you could probably pick up The Reader for $3-million,” Smith claims, “And you would be getting an incredible product, particularly when you think about the amount of money that most of those staffers are being paid…They’ve also been doing a really good job of partnering with some of these sort of news lab startups like City Bureau and the folks over at Southside Weekly and Invisible Institute. I mean there is some incredible reporting happening on that street level kind of thing that could with the right marketing and the right visibility really take off. And that’s one of the complaints that The Reader’s staff has had is that it’s not just about the reporters’ salaries, it is the amount of sales and marketing resources that have been pulled from it as the Sun-Times has been struggling.”

And we touch on the perennial topic – how you gonna pay for journalism and journalists as the advertiser-funded print model vanishes?

“I think what’s significant here is the extent to which news consumers are relying on the free internet,” Clark explains, “because they kind of got trained that the last generation as newspapers tried to catch up. And I think the only way we’re going to keep good journalism, however you want to define good, going is through paid subscriptions of some kind, because that’s how you pay the bills and you buy journalists time to really do good journalism. How we get those dollars and on what platform I don’t think anyone has quite figured out yet.”

Ultimately, though, Smith asserts that an even bigger issue than finances is getting news organizations to figure out who they’re serving. Sites like DNAInfo, Capitol Fax,   The Wall Street Journal, Crain’s and The Daily Line – all serve specific audiences with specific needs, and are able to persuade their customers to pay for the service because it’s uniquely valuable to them.

“So the question is for the Sun-Times and the Tribune and for ProPublica and everybody else, is what part of the audience, since it’s so big now online, what part of that audience are you going to focus on, and what do they need from you the most?” Scott concludes.

 

 

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CN May 18 2017

 

As  a direct result of Obamacare,  lots of people in Illinois have health insurance who never had it before. “I’m very grateful to President Obama for making healthcare part of his public legacy. Almost half a million people, 480,000 people in Cook County got healthcare coverage through the Affordable Care Act, half a million people, and across the country it’s 20-million people,” Cook County Board President Toni Preckwinkle tells us.

But the even better news is that “In our own health system before the ACA about 70% of our patients were uninsured… and now the reverse is true. About two-thirds of our patients are insured and one-third are uninsured. So, what we’ve seen is not only lots more people getting healthcare and the security that brings, but also public health institutions… have also seen real benefits to their bottom line as a result of the fact that more of their patients have insurance.”

“In 2010 when I was elected the taxpayers of Cook County were contributing $400-million a year to our healthcare system,” she continues. “And in this last budget it’s like $111½ or something like that, so there’s a $300-million difference. Some of it’s efficiencies over the last six years, but most of it is the substitution of federal dollars for local dollars. The federal government took on the obligation of trying to provide healthcare for the uninsured across the country in those states that were willing to become part of Medicaid expansion. And that has been a godsend for the individuals who got the care, who got healthcare coverage and a godsend for public institutions like ours as well as our hospitals and clinics across the county whether they are public or not.”

In  fact, the medicare expansion under Obamacare has not only put the Cook County Health and Hospital system in the black for the first time in its 180-year history, but it’s forced the institution to consider something unimaginable even a year ago – competition for this now-insured patients.

“In the past nobody wanted our patients,” she says. “They were poor people with complicated illnesses. Often multiple issues that were challenging them, diabetes and hypertension at the same time or struggles with cancer, and we were a provider of last resort, and we took anybody who came to our door. We still do regardless of their income, their insurance status, their citizenship status. We take anybody who comes in our door, and that’s been a blessing for Cook County for 180 years. But as a result of the Affordable Care Act and the fact that people have insurance now they can choose, and so we’re an environment which is competitive for the first time for us, and the real challenge for us is to up the quality of care that we deliver and peoples’ perceptions of us. You know I think if you ask people they know that our emergency room is a world-class institution. If you have trauma, if you’re shot, if you’re in an automobile accident…burned, that’s the place you want to go. But we have a world-class institution across a number of specialties, and what we’ve got to get out to people is it’s not just our emergency room that’s wonderful, it’s more broadly the care we deliver…That means that we have to both market ourselves and deliver services in a way that we haven’t been forced to do before.”

So what happens when the Trump administration finally gets its legislative act together and abolishes, or severely restricts, the ACA? What will be the effect on Cook County and its taxpayers?

“It’s not just that we will lose the federal support for the people that in our own Medicaid expansion plan, which is called County Care, about 145,000 people, but that people who are in other Medicaid expansion programs, and ours isn’t the only one, Blue Cross Blue Shield has one for example, some of the private insurance, people who are covered by those programs as well will come to us by default, as people without insurance in the past have always come to our public health system. So we estimate the impact is at the minimum 300-million, but it could be as much as 800-million. And we only have a budget of 4.2-billion, so that’s a pretty big hit,” Preckwinkle explains.

In fact, with White House leaks, an independent counsel and possible Russian influence over the administration, Preckwinkle says the only slight ray of optimism is that “all the things that are happening, it seems to have moved attention away from substantive issues like healthcare.”

It’s a wide-ranging, hour-long discussion, and you can read the full transcript of the show here: CN transcript May 18 2017

The following are some selected highlights from today’s discussion.

On Bruce Rauner’s inability to get a budget passed for two years:

I mean the first obligation of government at whatever level you are is to, if you’re the executive propose the budget and then get it passed. And the fact that when Rauner came in he said, “I’m only going to work with them on the budget if they do X, Y, Z,” term limits and workman’s comp and whatever else he was talking about. You know, when I came in there were things I wanted to do too around affordable housing, around consolidation in government, around immigration, but I never said to the Board of Commissioners I will only work with you on the budget if you work with me on these other things. Government operations is one thing, and then your substantive agenda on these other issues is another, and your first obligation is to get your budget passed, so we’ve passed balance budgets for the last seven years.

On how running a government differs from running a business:

You have to deal with people who got elected on their own, who have their own ideas, their own vision, their own constituencies. You’ve got to persuade people, make deals with people. You have to build a consensus for what needs to be done and then move ahead with it. You can’t just give people orders. You can’t say, “I want you to change workman’s comp laws. I want you to enact term limits. I want you to do whatever else it is,” and think that they’re just going to do it, they won’t. And I don’t know, particularly given the strong leadership in the President Cullerton and Speaker Madigan how he felt that he was going to just tell them what to do and they would do it. And then I think he got himself boxed. When he finally figured out that wasn’t going to work he had already said that these were the conditions on which he would work with them on the budget.

On the impact the budget mess is having on Cook County:

You know the state owes us as of this month $107-million.  $107-million, and they’ve owed us as much on a monthly basis as $183-million. The range has been $57-million to $183-million… But all of our local units of government are impacted by the fact that we don’t have a state budget. I think people don’t understand that. And in our county we’ve been able to manage it, but for units that don’t have reserves they are either borrowing money or cutting services, you know, or laying people off. I mean this is a nightmare.

On the national perception of Illinois:

Social service agencies are being devastated. Local units of government are really challenged because the state is not paying or paying nine to ten months late. Our higher education institutions are really struggling, and then we’re the only state in the country that hasn’t had a budget for two years. It makes us look like we are hopelessly inept and dysfunctional. It’s hard to argue that we’re not.

On whether Bruce Rauner is vulnerable in his re-election bid:

I hope and pray…I think he is. I think we have to get the word out about the devastating impact of his failed leadership on ordinary people in Illinois. And I think the poll numbers for him are below 50% that think he’s doing a good job, so if you’re an incumbent and theoretically you’ve been working hard for your constituents for the past three years, it’s hard to argue that’s a good thing…You know, I think his governorship has been devastating for the State Illinois, so needless to say I’ll be working hard to make sure that he’s not re-elected.

On prospects for significant police reform with the Sessions DOJ:

I think external pressure to perform better would have been helpful in the Chicago Police Department. It’s clearly absent now. Attorney General Sessions has said, “Whoa, we’re not going to look at local units of government and how they police their communities. We’re not going to engage in these kinds of audits of performance that we engaged in before.”

On a conversation with a CPD Commander about resources:

One of the commanders said, “It’s not just that I don’t have enough police officers, I don’t have enough sergeants to manage my officers on the street well or enough lieutenants to manage my sergeants.” It’s not so simple as we need more officers on the street, we need a command structure that needs to be enriched and supported, so that’s a real challenge. You don’t provide continuing education. You don’t have enough officers, and then there’s a culture… I’m sorry, I think we have profound struggles with racism in our Police Department, not just here in Chicago, but across the country. This is a national issue. It’s one of the ways in which the pervasive racism in our country manifests itself, how black and brown communities get policed.

Police treat black/brown kids differently than white kids:

African Americans and Latinos are together 50% of the population of the county, but 86-87% of the people in the jail. It’s a reflection of how black and brown communities get policed particularly in the City of Chicago, where most of the people who have come into our criminal justice system reside. And you know, black and brown people get arrested for stuff that white people never get arrested for, low level drug possession.

I had a conversation with a judge who came to see me, a person who I had supported, and she said, “You have to understand our kids,” and she meant black and brown kids, “Are getting arrested for stuff like shooting dice on the sidewalk or having a few joints in their pocket.” These are things that white kids don’t get arrested for, and then you have a criminal record, you’ve been arrested. At every juncture in the criminal justice system, black people in particular get differential treatment than is accorded to whites.

The black caucus in Springfield did a study of outcomes in our criminal justice system at the statewide level and found consistently that African Americans had worse outcomes, having roughly the same background as white counterparts than whites did. There is a pervasive racism in this country that profoundly impacts our criminal justice system and results in what we call disproportionate impact on communities of color.

On the cost of incarceration vs. education:

We’ve put a lot of emphasis since I came in to office on looking at the criminal justice system. Again, it’s 41% of our budget and it costs $162-$163 a day to keep somebody in jail. That’s a lot of money. It’s more than $50,000 year in a society in which we spend $10,000 a year educating our kids on an annual basis. So we’re prepared to spend five times as much to keep people in jail as we are to educate our children in the City of Chicago. That’s profoundly disturbing to me.

On Sen. Raoul’s bill lengthening sentences for illegal gun possession:

I disagree with him on this bill. The bill is about possession, and what’s happened in Illinois is since 2000, so the last 17 years, we’ve increased the penalties for possession six times. We have tripled the number of people that we had in 2000 in prison for gun possession. I don’t see that that’s had a big influence on the levels of violence in Chicago. I mean what we need to do is focus on the shooters and the suppliers. This legislation is about possession. If the legislation was about penalties for shooters, penalties for suppliers I would be gung-ho in support of it, but I’m not in support of this legislation. And you have to understand, people buy guns in Indiana and adjacent states and come into our black and brown communities and sell them out of the trunks of their cars. We ought to be focusing on those people and putting them behind bars for as long as we can. They are doing a tremendous injustice to the communities where these young people who get possession of the guns live. We ought to come after them. We ought to come after the people who are shooters hard.

In conclusion, is Preckwinkle optimistic?

It is an extremely challenging environment because of what’s going on in Washington and what’s not happening in Springfield, but there’s still a lot of good that we can do and we’re trying.

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And here’s the full transcript: CN transcript May 18 2017

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